Study published in the Annals of Clinical Psychiatry suggests that Autism is likely triggered by a virus, and that measles virus (MV and/or MMR vaccine) might be a very good candidate. It supports the hypothesis that a virus-dincued autoimmune response may play a causal role in autism.
US National Library of Medicine
National Institutes of Health – 2002
Singh VK, Lin SX, Newell E, Nelson C.
Department of Biology and Biotechnology Center, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322, USA. email@example.com
Autoimmunity to the central nervous system (CNS), especially to myelin basic protein (MBP), may play a causal role in autism, a neurodevelopmental disorder. Because many autistic children harbor elevated levels of measles antibodies, we conducted a serological study of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and MBP autoantibodies. Using serum samples of 125 autistic children and 92 control children, antibodies were assayed by ELISA or immunoblotting methods. ELISA analysis showed a significant increase in the level of MMR antibodies in autistic children. Immunoblotting analysis revealed the presence of an unusual MMR antibody in 75 of 125 (60%) autistic sera but not in control sera. This antibody specifically detected a protein of 73-75 kD of MMR. This protein band, as analyzed with monoclonal antibodies, was immunopositive for measles hemagglutinin (HA) protein but not for measles nucleoprotein and rubella or mumps viral proteins. Thus the MMR antibody in autistic sera detected measles HA protein, which is unique to the measles subunit of the vaccine. Furthermore, over 90% of MMR antibody-positive autistic sera were also positive for MBP autoantibodies, suggesting a strong association between MMR and CNS autoimmunity in autism. Stemming from this evidence, we suggest that an inappropriate antibody response to MMR, specifically the measles component thereof, might be related to pathogenesis of autism.
A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition determined that an increased vulnerability to oxidative stress and decreased capacity for methylation may contribute to the development and clinical manifestation of autism. It’s well known that viral infections cause increased oxidative stress. Research suggests that metals, including those found in many vaccines are directly involved in increasing oxidative stress.
S Jill James, Paul Cutler, Stepan Melnyk, Stefanie Jernigan, Laurette Janak, David W Gaylor, and James A Neubrander
From the Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, and the Arkansas Children’s Hospital Research Institute, Little Rock, AR (SJJ, SM, and SJ); Niagara Falls, NY (PC); Colden, NY (LJ); Gaylor and Associates, LLC, Eureka Springs, AR (DWG); and Edison, NJ (JAN)
Background: Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that usually presents in early childhood and that is thought to be influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Although abnormal metabolism of methionine and homocysteine has been associated with other neurologic diseases, these pathways have not been evaluated in persons with autism.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate plasma concentrations of metabolites in the methionine transmethylation and transsulfuration pathways in children diagnosed with autism.
Design: Plasma concentrations of methionine, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), adenosine, homocysteine, cystathionine, cysteine, and oxidized and reduced glutathione were measured in 20 children with autism and in 33 control children. On the basis of the abnormal metabolic profile, a targeted nutritional intervention trial with folinic acid, betaine, and methylcobalamin was initiated in a subset of the autistic children.
Results: Relative to the control children, the children with autism had significantly lower baseline plasma concentrations of methionine, SAM, homocysteine, cystathionine, cysteine, and total glutathione and significantly higher concentrations of SAH, adenosine, and oxidized glutathione. This metabolic profile is consistent with impaired capacity for methylation (significantly lower ratio of SAM to SAH) and increased oxidative stress (significantly lower redox ratio of reduced glutathione to oxidized glutathione) in children with autism. The intervention trial was effective in normalizing the metabolic imbalance in the autistic children.
Conclusions: An increased vulnerability to oxidative stress and a decreased capacity for methylation may contribute to the development and clinical manifestation of autism.
A study published by the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences at Northeastern University, Boston determined that a novel growth factor signalling pathway that regulates methionine synthase(MS) activity and thereby modulates methylation reactions. The potent inhibition of this pathway by ethanol, lead, mercury, aluminum and thimerosal suggests that it may be an important target of neurodevelopmental toxins. You can read more about this here, and here. You can read more about the MS/autism link here
US National Library of Medicine
National Institutes of Health – Apr 2004
Waly M, Olteanu H, Banerjee R, Choi SW, Mason JB, Parker BS, Sukumar S, Shim S, Sharma A, Benzecry JM, Power-Charnitsky VA, Deth RC.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
Methylation events play a critical role in the ability of growth factors to promote normal development. Neurodevelopmental toxins, such as ethanol and heavy metals, interrupt growth factor signaling, raising the possibility that they might exert adverse effects on methylation. We found that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)- and dopamine-stimulated methionine synthase (MS) activity and folate-dependent methylation of phospholipids in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, via a PI3-kinase- and MAP-kinase-dependent mechanism. The stimulation of this pathway increased DNA methylation, while its inhibition increased methylation-sensitive gene expression. Ethanol potently interfered with IGF-1 activation of MS and blocked its effect on DNA methylation, whereas it did not inhibit the effects of dopamine. Metal ions potently affected IGF-1 and dopamine-stimulated MS activity, as well as folate-dependent phospholipid methylation: Cu(2+) promoted enzyme activity and methylation, while Cu(+), Pb(2+), Hg(2+) and Al(3+) were inhibitory. The ethylmercury-containing preservative thimerosal inhibited both IGF-1- and dopamine-stimulated methylation with an IC(50) of 1 nM and eliminated MS activity. Our findings outline a novel growth factor signaling pathway that regulates MS activity and thereby modulates methylation reactions, including DNA methylation. The potent inhibition of this pathway by ethanol, lead, mercury, aluminum and thimerosal suggests that it may be an important target of neurodevelopmental toxins.
VAXXED TV – Vaccines gave my son autism
Vaccines while pregnant injured my daughter
Dr. Suzanne Humphries discusses smallpox from 1797 – 2005
MERCK’S DIRTY LITTLE SECRET – BY DR. SUZANNE HUMPHRIES
1 Corinthians 15 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;
2 by which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
4 and that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
Hebrews 6 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
1 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God,
2 of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.
3 And this will we do, if God permit.
4 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
5 and have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,
6 if they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame.
7 For the earth which drinketh in the rain that cometh oft upon it, and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by whom it is dressed, receiveth blessing from God:
8 but that which beareth thorns and briers is rejected, and is nigh unto cursing; whose end is to be burned.
The Amish, who don’t get vaccinated, rarely get autism, cancer, or heart disease – coincidence?http://bit.ly/2iDWlGq
See a condensed version of VAXXED – now for free >>> tinyurl.com/SeeVaxxedNow
. . . and you get to watch NINE full episodes of the docu-series called Vaccines Revealed. The condensed version of VAXXED is just a part of it! “Vaccine Syndrome” and “Trace Amounts” is included as well – full length films! tinyurl.com/9Episodes
Listen Up – Del On Fire Is The Antidote To Apathy!
“This is the biggest story since Watergate. You want to see a compelling story about the government taking over our lives, and industry buying our government? We’ve never seen anything like this. We’ve watched the banking industry wipe out the middle class and the housing, we’ve watched energy industries pollute and not pay for things, but we’ve never seen an industry buy politicians, pass laws mandating something that’s poisoning children and poisoning your friends in school. I would say that you want to see a really compelling documentary about the takeover of government and the loss of our freedom and our sovereignty? This is a very, very important movie and any journalist should want to see this immediately.
I would say to everybody that wants to take this film and show your doctor, don’t say, “I know more than you, you’ve got to see this movie.” Go in with questions. Just say, “I just saw a movie that I found extremely disturbing and shocking and it’s really calling into question my belief in the vaccine program. Could you please watch this film and explain to me where they’re lying or where this might not be true because it sure seems credible to me.” Lead them in with questions and then get people to start watching it if they’re being difficult, that’s what I say.
I would also say please, this is a crisis, this is not a joke. We have never seen a moment like this in my lifetime. We are about to lose control of our own bodies. In California where I live the government now owns my baby. That’s a fact. They are going to be able to inject my children with whatever they want, whenever they want, however they want, and I’m not going to have a say in the matter.
Now, whether you believe in vaccines or you do not, you have got to go back to your history books and look at what happens when you give a government that much power. Maybe you love our government right now, maybe you think this is still the greatest country on earth, but will it always be? We can never give that much control to our government. We must always stay, as consumers, in control of products that are being injected into us and our children. We are next. Our kids are the beginning, and then the adults, and this next election will decide it, I guarantee you. If you vote for federal employees that are being backed by the pharmaceutical industry, they have one agenda in mind – to mandate all of you to vaccines. There are 300 vaccines in the pipeline that you’ve never heard about, they are not making money off of drugs anymore, their future is in vaccinating you.
Just really quickly before we leave, how many adults in this room have had a booster in the last ten years for their vaccines? How many have not? Okay. When they say “herd immunity,” YOU are the problem. Herd immunity means YOU are going to be vaccinated. This 3% of children don’t get us to their “imaginary herd” immunity idea, YOU do. So when they say herd immunity on CNN, I want you to hear, “Mandatory vaccines for me,” and decide if you think you’re healthy enough and whether you need them to survive, and if you don’t think you need a vaccine to survive the rest of your life, join Texans for Vaccine Choice and get up and stand and fight for the sovereignty of your body! The time is now.”
~ Del Bigtree
➤ Looking for group support? tinyurl.com/RevolutionForVaccineChoice
➤ Follow our page: facebook.com/RevolutionForChoice #RevolutionForChoice #InformedConsent #EducateBeforeYouVaccinate #VAXXED #StopSB277 #Gardasil #Cervarix
“The government sells the lives of your children to corporations in order to line their pockets,” says Dr. Andrew Wakefield in his speech on July 1, 2016, during a protest against vaccine mandates. http://www.StopMandatoryVaccination.com
Over-vaccinating our pets
Dr. Suzanne Humphries discusses smallpox from 1797 – 2005.
Abortion Drugs Found In Bill Gates’ Tetanus Vaccine
July 26, 2016 Sean Adl-Tabatabai
Doctors in Kenya have accused UNICEF, the World Health Organization and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation of secretly trying to sterilise millions of women in Africa via a tetanus vaccine program.
According to LifeSiteNews, the Kenya Catholic Doctors Association say that doctors have uncovered evidence of a mass sterilisation program sponsored by the Kenyan government and funded by Bill Gates.
The Kenyan government denies there is anything wrong with the vaccine, and says it is perfectly safe.
The Kenya Catholic Doctors Association, however, saw evidence to the contrary, and had six different samples of the tetanus vaccine from various locations around Kenya sent to an independent laboratory in South Africa for testing.
The results confirmed their worst fears: all six samples tested positive for the HCG antigen. The HCG antigen is used in anti-fertility vaccines, but was found present in tetanus vaccines targeted to young girls and women of childbearing age. Dr. Ngare, spokesman for the Kenya Catholic Doctors Association, stated in a bulletin released November 4:
“This proved right our worst fears; that this WHO campaign is not about eradicating neonatal tetanus but a well-coordinated forceful population control mass sterilization exercise using a proven fertility regulating vaccine. This evidence was presented to the Ministry of Health before the third round of immunization but was ignored.”
‘A mass sterilization exercise’: Kenyan doctors find anti-fertility agent in UN tetanus vaccine
Thu Nov 6, 2014 – 2:29 pm EST
UPDATE (Nov. 12): Kenya’s government has launched an investigation into the Catholic Church’s allegations. See follow up article here.
Kenya’s Catholic bishops are charging two United Nations organizations with sterilizing millions of girls and women under cover of an anti-tetanus inoculation program sponsored by the Kenyan government.
According to a statement released Tuesday by the Kenya Catholic Doctors Association, the organization has found an antigen that causes miscarriages in a vaccine being administered to 2.3 million girls and women by the World Health Organization and UNICEF. Priests throughout Kenya reportedly are advising their congregations to refuse the vaccine.
“We sent six samples from around Kenya to laboratories in South Africa. They tested positive for the HCG antigen,” Dr. Muhame Ngare of the Mercy Medical Centre in Nairobi told LifeSiteNews. “They were all laced with HCG.”
Kenyan gvmt launches probe into claim UN is using vaccines for ‘mass sterilization’
Wed Nov 12, 2014 – 3:06 pm EST
Robert Pukose, the government MP who is vice-chairman of the National Assembly’s health committee, explained, “We are at loss about who to believe since both sides have tabled conflicting results. That is why we need new tests conducted jointly for us to give final and conclusive results,” according to the Nairobi Standard.
The inquiry will consist of submitting vaccine samples to a committee of Catholic, government, and independent medical experts. What they will be looking for are traces of HCG, a female hormone produced during pregnancy, which if injected along with traces of tetanus, will produce antibodies. And just as these antibodies will react to a real tetanus infection, so will they react to a pregnancy, causing a miscarriage.
The Health Ministry submitted its test results on the tetanus vaccine to the committee last week, showing no trace of HCG.
This week the Catholic bishops’ doctors presented their own test results, all of which showed traces of HCG. Karanja told the committee, “The hormone, Beta HCG, is neither a byproduct of, nor a component required for, the manufacture of the tetanus vaccine. It being part of the vaccine is nothing short of a scheme to forcefully render our women incapable of bearing children.”
The Health Ministry’s Immunization Technical Group, Dr. Collins Tabu, challenged the validity of the Catholic doctors’ test results, asking, “Were the samples sent to the labs indeed vaccines? Were they sent in their primary containers and what was the condition of storage? What types of tests were run on them?”
Unless the tests were done at either of two specialized government labs, they could not be valid, he added.
But the Kenyan Catholic doctors have told LifeSiteNews via email that the government won’t let anyone get samples of the vaccine for tests—the ones used had to be obtained surreptitiously by devout Catholics. All along the doctors wanted to conduct tests jointly with the government but could not get co-operation.
Dr. Karanja also told the committee the tests were simple and could be conducted at any lab. Dr. Pukose further undermined Tabu’s argument, noting that both the Health Ministry and the Catholics had submitted results from the Lancet Kenya lab—with contradictory findings.
Dr. Andrew Moulden: Learning to identify vaccine damage
By Erin Elizabeth – June 13, 2017
by John P. Thomas
Health Impact News
Dr. Andrew Moulden wanted every parent in the world to know about the harmful effects of vaccines. His desire was that everyone would reject the use of vaccines after examining the evidence of the harm they cause.
The evidence that I gathered from Dr. Moulden’s teachings and shared in the previous three articles in this series about vaccine damage was stunning.
It clearly showed the harm that results from vaccine use. The benefits are negligible and the risks are great.
Regardless of where you currently stand on vaccine use, the information in this fourth article will be eye-opening. Once you learn how to spot the symptoms of vaccine damage in the faces of children and adults, your life will never be the same. You will be like Dr. Moulden – you will look into the face of boys and girls and see undeniable evidence of vaccine damage and you will mourn and grieve over the lives that are being damaged.
Listen to Dr. Moulden in his own words give evidence to the mechanisms that cause vaccine damage in “Tolerance Lost.” See the evidence of vaccine damage in the faces of children.
Listen to a presentation from Dr. Moulden that summarizes key principles of his Research.
ITALY PROTESTS VACCINE MANDATES
Autism rates in California public schools jumped 7 percent in 2016
By Phillip Reese
More than 97,000 California public school students have been diagnosed as autistic, a number that has risen seven-fold since 2001, according to the latest special education data from the California Department of Education.
The figure represent a jump of about 6,500, or 7 percent, from 2014-15 to 2015-16.
The increase was especially sharp among kindergartners, where autism cases grew by 17 percent last year. More than one of every 65 kindergartners in California public schools is classified as autistic.
Since 2006, the number of autistic students statewide has risen by between 5,000 and 7,000 every year, state figures show.
In the four-county Sacramento region, the number of autistic students rose by about 660, or 12 percent, to roughly 6,400 from 2014-15 to 2015-16.
Theories for the rise, which has been seen nationwide, include improved autism screening, broader definitions of the condition and more children who were either born with autism or who developed the condition due to environmental factors.
Gardasil injured – from wheelchair to walking with homeopathy vaccine detox
The Gardasil HPV vaccine causes pain and leaves many girls unable to walk they end up in a wheelchair for all or part of the day. This is one of my favourite cases which I have written to give lots of hope to those injured and their parents that you can recover from this vaccine. Homeopathic vaccine detox programs have given people their lives back.
Let me introduce you to Lucy and her mother Diane. Lucy came to me on crutches suffering many symptoms after having the Gardasil vaccine in school. This is their story of recovery in their own words to give hope to others. They have shared their story in the Daily Mail to bring more awareness in the UK of the side effects. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4040162/Girl-16-left-paralysed-3-limbs-hospital-drip-having-HPV-vaccine-parents-claim.html
Girl, 16, is left paralysed in 3 limbs and in hospital on a drip after having the HPV vaccine, her parents claim
Ruby Shallom was given the controversial HPV vaccine at school 2 years ago
But just weeks later she began to suffer from stomach spasms and dizziness
Her muscles became weaker and in May she woke up unable to feel her legs
She has since lost all sensation in her right arm and is virtually bed-bound
By Stephen Matthews For Mailonline
Published: 09:47, 16 December 2016 | Updated: 13:05, 16 December 2016
Hundreds of parents, teachers, doctors, health professionals, politicians rally against forced vaccines. NO MERCURY, FORMALDEHYDE, ALUMINIUM, MONKEY KIDNEY CELLS, ABORTED FETAL CELLS injected into our children thank you! We all thought vaccines were good, but we now find a lot of scientists and doctors discovering otherwise.
Long version here – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8LZwJZZGAtM
Centre for Disease Control list of ingredients – https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/downloads/appendices/b/excipient-table-2.pdf
Fans of the AVN Australian Vaccination-skeptics Network Inc. – AVN
Australian Vaccination-skeptics Network Inc. – AVN Fans of the AVN @vaccine safety network Australia No Jab No Pay No Way – Freedom of Choice Stop Mandatory Vaccination We Are Vaxxed Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe Vaxxed – A Revolution For Choice SANEVAX https://avn.org.au/
I was very disturbed last year when a mother contacted me and told me that her daughter was diagnosed with Lyme disease after being damaged by the Gardasil vaccine and hundreds of girls had experienced the same. Many have spontaneous dislocating joints, depression, anxiety and suicidal feelings. I have attended suicide prevention meetings and brought these topics up to be addressed but it seems to be swept under the carpet. We have a high level of these problems in Australia. I know this is a controversial issue … my immune system was badly damaged by vaccines when I was a teenager and I feel an obligation to our young to share this information.
Thanks to Ian Averil Poolman poolman and The ATOMS for the sweet tunes.
Study – Detection of measles virus RNA in urine specimens from vaccine recipients.
Analysis of urine specimens by using reverse transcriptase-PCR was evaluated as a rapid assay to identify individuals infected with measles virus. For the study, daily urine samples were obtained from either 15-month-old children or young adults following measles immunization. Overall, measles virus RNA was detected in 10 of 12 children during the 2-week sampling period. In some cases, measles virus RNA was detected as early as 1 day or as late as 14 days after vaccination. Measles virus RNA was also detected in the urine samples from all four of the young adults between 1 and 13 days after vaccination. This assay will enable continued studies of the shedding and transmission of measles virus and, it is hoped, will provide a rapid means to identify measles infection, especially in mild or asymptomatic cases.
PDF source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC228449/pdf/332485.pdf
School Bans Unvaccinated Kids After Immunized Children Start Chickenpox Outbreak
Posted on June 10, 2017
By Annabelle Bamforth
Augora Hills, CA — Close to one-quarter of students at a California elementary school have been directed by school officials to stay home for three weeks due to a small onset of chickenpox cases that began in March.
The chickenpox outbreak at Mariposa School of Global Education in Augora Hills, California is unique because the first case of chickenpox discovered at the school was found in a student who had been fully vaccinated.
Daniel Stepenosky, the superintendent of Las Virgenes Unified School District that includes the Mariposa School, acknowledged to CBS Los Angeles that three students were found to have chickenpox. “A kindergartener, a first-grader, a third-grader. The first case happened around mid-March. The student was immunized, however still contracted chickenpox.”
According to local newspaper, The Acorn, Stepenosky noted that “(It’s) interesting . . . the first of three cases was a student that was fully immunized. . . . He was the vaccinated one.”
This student was reported to have contracted the disease back in March. After two more cases were found, the school district took action to keep the unvaccinated students out of school for three weeks.
New Studies Reveal Vaccine Harm
by Joseph Mercola, DO | Guest Writer
Published June 10, 2017
Now, two pilot studies led by Anthony Mawson,7 an interdisciplinary epidemiologist and social scientist with a doctorate in public health, have helped to shed some light on the topic.
The gold standard in scientific research is replication and, while the conclusions of these studies need to be replicated using other data sources, they are another piece of evidence showing there are negative health outcomes for vaccinated children, and that unvaccinated children are actually healthier. It’s a good start, and it’s important to know these studies exist.
Vaccination Schedule May Place Preemies at Increased Risk of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
The first paper,8 published in the peer-reviewed open-access Journal of Translational Science (April 24, 2017), is a cross-sectional study of 6- to 12-year-olds exploring the association between preterm birth, vaccination and neurodevelopmental disorders, using data from both vaccinated and unvaccinated populations. Preemies receive the same vaccines and number of doses recommended by the federal childhood vaccination schedule as full-term babies, and on the same time schedule.
Data show anywhere from 8 to 27 percent of extremely preterm infants develop autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Premature birth is a known risk factor for neurodevelopmental problems of varying severity, yet prior to this study, the impact of the vaccination schedule on this risk had never been assessed. Not surprisingly, the results suggest the federally recommended childhood vaccination schedule may be inappropriate for premature infants.
Putting Measles Into Perspective
Posted on January 17, 2012 by Megan
“MEASLES WAS GOING AWAY ANYWAY.”
And at any rate, and I just know this makes pro-vax people upset to hear, measles was already declining prior to the vaccination. The US graphs you can find indicate a huge visual decline, but the way the numbers are set up in the vertical axis is misleading. Check out how the axis representing the difference between 0 and 1 is represented by the same space as the difference between 2 and 20? I highlighted it in yellow for you. Another vaccine awareness group added the dotted red line, but I think that the vertical axis manipulation is even more crucial. So, visually, it looks like a huge decline after the vaccine was introduced:
Unfortunately, finding the specific numbers per year has proved challenging for me, but thankfully, I found a similar graph (similar numbers, but unofficial source) that has not included an exponentially growing vertical axis so that you can see the trend in declining measles rates prior to and including after the vaccine introduction more accurately:
Study – Catching measles in an appropriately vaccinated group: a well-circumscribed outbreak in the South East of Ireland, September-November 2013.
A measles outbreak occurred in a school in a small town in the South East of Ireland in September-November 2013. Most (and all early) cases had one dose of the measles-mumps- rubella (MMR) vaccination. All suspected cases were followed up, in order to advise on sampling and provide public health advice to them and their contacts. MMR vaccination control measures were instituted in the town. These included early second MMR in primary schools and childcare facilities, bringing forward the planned school MMR catch-up programme, early first MMR dose for children aged 6-12 months and targeted advice to unvaccinated children. There were 20 cases (17 confirmed) of measles associated with the outbreak. Fifteen cases occurred in the index school, with four in pre-school-age children (<4 years) who had clear epidemiological links with children at the school. This was a well-circumscribed outbreak occurring, unusually, in a well-vaccinated population. The outbreak came late to the attention of Department of Public Health staff but prompt action, once notified, and institution of control measures resulted in quick termination of the outbreak and prevention of cases in a neighbouring city.