A Call For An Uprising – THE SECRET LIFE OF BRUNO MARS
A Call For An Uprising – THE SECRET LIFE OF BRUNO MARS
Dr Kenneth Stoller – Find Out Why Vaccines and Heavy Metals Cause Autism: http://bit.ly/2o0b5Cp
Watch full film here:
Agenda 21, the “comprehensive plan” for a New World Order, is a document agreed upon by world leaders at the United Nations Earth Summit which took place in Rio De Janeiro in 1992. The implementation of the policies have manifested in:
The promotion of genetically modified foods, which have been proven to be directly linked to ill health, disease and even infertility.
Mandatory vaccinations, which have been directly linked to autism and other severe health problems including death.
The implementation of RFID micro chipping which paves the way for a cashless society allowing complete control over the population.
Aerosol spraying as a means of controlling weather and climate change, but which is systematically destroying the soil, water and the air we breathe leading to serious health issues.
And basically is an agenda to completely dominate the masses bringing the vision of the elite for a one world government with the people thoroughly dependent and helpless to escape this system of enslavement.
This is no conspiracy. Please get educated and share this information!
Watch this! You won’t believe the way the Netherlands media treats a Chicken Pox outbreak compared to the U.S!
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The global crackdown on parents who refuse vaccines for their kids has begun
Countries like Italy and Australia are tired of measles outbreaks — so they’re moving to fine anti-vaccine parents.
There’s a school of thought that refusing vaccines on behalf of your children amounts to child abuse, and that parents should be punished for their decision. We know vaccines are overwhelmingly safe and effective at preventing the spread of disease. And yet failing to immunize children can put them (and vulnerable people around them) at tremendous risk of illness or even death when outbreaks get rolling.
Now it seems Australia and a number of countries in Europe are fed up enough with vaccine-refusing parents that they’re experimenting with punitive measures. We haven’t quite reached the level of child abuse charges, but moms and dads in these countries may face fines if they fail to give their kids the recommended shots. In Australia, schools that let the unvaccinated kids in would be fined too. This marks a pretty aggressive shift in how we manage vaccine refusers and the costly, deadly outbreaks of diseases like measles and whooping cough they help spark.
Here’s a quick roundup of the global crackdown on vaccine-refusing parents:
Italy’s parliament recently passed a law that makes 10 childhood vaccinations mandatory for kids up to age 16, and requires parents to prove their children are immunized before entering school or else face a €500 (about $600 USD) noncompliance fine.
Germany is also cracking down on vaccine-refusing parents: Its parliament approved a law that obliges administrators at kindergartens to report parents who refuse counseling from their doctors about vaccines. Health ministries can then also fine the vaccine-hesitant parents up to €2,500 (about $3,000 USD).
In France, the health ministry is making 11 vaccines — up from the current three (diphtheria, tetanus, and polio) — mandatory for children by 2018, though there’s no talk of a fine there yet.
Further afield, the state of South Australia is considering punishing vaccine-denier enablers with its “no jab, no play” legislation: The law would ban unvaccinated kids from preschool and day care and fine schools that admit un-immunized children $30,000 Australian dollars ($24,000 USD). The law in South Australia is modeled on similarly stringent laws in other Australian states, and across the country, parents with children who aren’t immunized aren’t eligible for child care benefits.
“Can you refute Dr Wakefield’s data?” No
“Do you believe from your studies mercury is a contributing factor in autism?” Yes
Dr Baskin’s testimony: https://www.c-span.org/video/?174176-1/childhood-vaccines-autism
18 Little Known Facts About College Meningitis Vaccines
About N. meningitis and the meningitis vaccines
While meningitis sounds frightening and the infection can be serious, here are 18 important, yet little-known, facts about the infection and about the meningitis vaccines you need to know:
In the 10-year period between 1998-2007, only 2,262 cases of meningitis were reported in the United States. Within a population of more than 300 million, that number is negligible and not worth vaccinating millions for “protection.”
Of the 2,262 cases, 11.3% cases were fatal. Not to minimize the loss of life, but that also means that nearly 89% of people survived and recovered.
Meningitis does not spread rapidly. According to the Meningitis Research Foundation, the bacterium can only live for a few moments outside the human body, so it is not spread by casual contact and is not passed along on clothing, bedding, toys or dishes.
In fact, the Foundation goes on to say the risk of the infection is very low and 97 out of 100 cases occur in isolation, with no other cases.
Neisseria has 12 known bacterial strains, with serogroups A, B, C, W, X, and Y causing almost all infections worldwide. There are five N. meningitidis vaccines approved for use in the U.S.:
Menomune, for serotypes A, C, Y, W-135, approved in 1981
Menveo, for serotypes A, C, Y, W-135, approved in 2010
Menactra, for serotypes A, C, Y, W-135, approved in April 2011
Trumenba, for serotype B, approved in October 2014
Bexsero, for serotype B, approved in January 2015
Before – not after – the introduction of the meningococcal conjugate vaccines, the incidence of meningitis in the United States was already at an historic low.
Since the introduction of the meningitis vaccines, no significant decrease in serogroup C or Y infection has been seen.
Menomune, Menactra, and Menveo, recommended for middle school and college, do not generate antibodies against the most common form of the illness, serotype B.
Menomune still contains mercury.
Bexsero contains 1,500 mcg of aluminum per dose, the highest amount in any single vaccine.
There have been no safety studies investigating the injection of Menomune at the same time as other vaccines even though several vaccines, including flu shots or the teen pertussis vaccine, are often given together.
None of the meningitis vaccines have been tested for carcinogenicity (ability to cause cancer), mutagenicity (ability to disrupt genes) or the ability to interfere with fertility. This holds true for all vaccines.
Many reports have been filed with the Vaccine Adverse Reporting System (VAERS), documenting vaccine side effects.
The most recently approved vaccines Trumenba (2014) and Bexsero (2015), have nearly 3,000 adverse events filed with VAERS.
Menactra has been included in 18,646 VAERS reports.
Meningitis vaccines may be dangerously disrupting the body’s ability to create its own natural “protection mechanism” against meningitis infection.
The incidence of meningococcal disease decreases rapidly beginning in the second year of life, coincident with the natural colonization by Neisseria lactamica, a normal flora in the nasopharynx in young children. Before 10 years of age, when N. lactamica colonization is common and protective. When colonization by Neisseria meningitidis occurs later in life, the antibodies generated earlier against N. lactamica cross-react and contribute to natural immunity and defense against meningitis infection.
15. Serotype B vaccines have not been manufactured until very recently because the sugar sequences on the surface of this bacteria are very similar to the sugar sequences on the surface of human brain and nerve cells. Therefore, vaccine-induced antibodies against serotype B could attack the brain and the nerves, causing a debilitating, life-long, autoimmune reactions.
16. Bexsero was approved soon after an unofficial trial at Stanford University in 2013. Read my full report about the slick maneuver Novartis pulled on American parents to get this vaccine approved.
17. N. meningititis vaccines do not have a long lasting effect. In fact, the CDC admits:
As part of the licensure process, both meningococcal conjugate and serogroup B meningococcal vaccines showed that they produce an immune response that suggests the vaccines are protective,but there are limited data available on how well they work to protect against disease…
Available data suggest that protection from meningococcal conjugate vaccines decreases in many within 5 years…..Early data on serogroup B meningococcal vaccines suggest that protective antibodies also decrease fairly quickly after vaccination.
Parents, Once Again, You’re Being Lied T
The Real Risks of the Meningitis Vaccines
Let’s look at the cost of a possible complication from one of the meningococcal vaccines: Menactra.
Beginning in 2005, cases of Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) were being reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) in students within 6 weeks of receiving Menactra. GBS is a serious type of paralysis with potentially long-term complications. By February 25, 2008, more than 15 million doses of Menactra had been administered nationwide with 26 confirmed case reports of GBS. Notably, 24 of the 26 students were between the ages of 11 and 19.
According to the government’s Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research data, called the HCUP database, 150 persons were admitted to the hospital with meningococcal meningitis in 2014. The average hospital stay was 7 days and the average cost of care was $87,122. In comparison, the average cost to care for one case of uncomplicated GBS (ICD9 357) – hospitalization, follow-up rehab, and other ancillary services – was $134,099.
While meningitis is serious, the real risk of contracting the infection is very low. Comparatively, the healthcare costs for one of the complications of the vaccine, GBS, is equally as serious and the cost of treatment are nearly 30% higher than the cost to care for one case of meningitis. Said another way, the cost of treating a vaccine side effect is 30% more than the cost of treating the illness.
The list of reported adverse events on the Menactra package insert includes the following:
Hypersensitivity reactions, such as anaphylaxis/anaphylactic reaction
Wheezing, difficulty breathing, upper airway swelling
Urticaria (hives), pruritis (itching) and erythema
Hypotension (low blood pressure), paresthesia, dizziness, vasovagal syncope (fainting)
Convulsions (seizures), palsy of the face
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (diffuse brain inflammation), transverse myelitis, and myalgia (muscle pain).
The vaccines manufacturers, the physicians and the nurses who administer Menactra and other vaccines are completely shielded from liability in the event of a vaccine injury or even a death
Purdue Vaccine Study – what you should know
Please print and give your veterinarian a copy of the letter below, regarding the research being done at Purdue University Veterinary School under the direction of Dr. Larry Glickman. This study started in the late 1990’s, the study of Vaccine-Induced Autoimmunity in the dog and there is already some evidence of thyroid, heart, bone disease (HOD like symptoms) due to vaccines. This information has been hidden in plain sight all of this time.
When anyone tells you ‘the science is settled, vaccines work’, that in my opinion is a gigantic reductionist view of a very complex topic, and false. No science is ever settled, that is why it is science, forever being studied, forever finding out new things. Look, we spent over 2,000 years believing the Earth was the center of the Universe, and flat, now look at what we currently know to be true. Ever evolving, ever changing, that is science.
Vaccine manufacturers are going to fight back because the more they sell the more money they make, that is a fact. Safe vaccine schedules and cleaner vaccines are not good financial choices for them, so therein lies another layer of complexity, or insidious behavior, however you choose to look at it.
Many breeders, trainers, and family pet owners have known this for years, they have told their veterinarians about reactions, and have been advocates for legitimate studies, safer schedules, and the end to over vaccination. Finally someone listened. Thank you.
VACCINE SAFETY (?)
A Possible Etiology of Autoimmune Diseases
By William R. La Rosa, M.D. Trustee- Hayward Foundation – The Hayward Foundation is dedicated to research and eradication of human genetic diseases.
There is much anecdotal hearsay about the safety of vaccines in dogs as well as in humans.
The Vaccine Safety Committee recently emphasized the need for more definitive research on possible adverse effects during the development of new vaccines and vaccine combinations.
(National Academy Press, Washington D.C. 1994).
When a dog vaccine safety issue was brought to our attention by Laura Kiaulenas, a prominent Harlequin Great Dane breeder, and after reading articles by Jean Dodds DVM, we decided to fund a study to prove or disprove the supposition of multiple diseases, acute and chronic, caused by vaccination.
If indeed, many breeders are correct, then is the dog a canary sentinel, and are human similarly being affected, and if so can we identify the dog or human who is genetically susceptible to these reactions ?
We were fortunate that prominent and respected researchers, Drs. Larry T. Glickman, Harm HogenEsch, Juan I. Azona-Olivera, J. Catherine Scott-Montcrieff, and Paul W. Snyder of Purdue University, School of Veterinary Medicine, agreed to undertake the study.
The results are enlightening and they are enthusiastically working on the second phase, a study of longer duration.
Courts quietly confirm MMR Vaccine causes Autism
By Mark Wachtler
July 27, 2013. Austin. (ONN) After decades of passionate debate, parents probably missed the repeated admissions by drug companies and governments alike that vaccines do in fact cause autism. For concerned parents seeking the truth, it’s worth remembering that the exact same people who own the world’s drug companies also own America’s news outlets. Finding propaganda-free information has been difficult, until now.
At the center of the fifteen-year controversy is Dr. Andrew Wakefield of Austin, Texas. It was Dr. Wakefield that first publicized the link between stomach disorders and autism, and taking the findings one step further, the link between stomach disorders, autism and the Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) vaccine.
These Girls Got Paralyzed Because Of A Vaccine Against HPV
Two girls from the UK revealed their story after vaccination against HPV. They believed that doing the right thing for themselves, and now they are paralyzed from the neck down.
Although healthcare and researches claims that the HPV vaccine is safe, these two teenage girls regret for taken it.
Ruby Shallom from the UK had no idea what would happen after taking third vaccines, which are proven to be effective in the fight against human papilloma virus that can cause cervical cancer. Hers eight peers already received the third dose, therefore she wasn’t fearful of the possible consequences. After thawing, she and some of her friends felt bad, had dizziness, and they had a stomachache. At first they thought it was normal. Ruby is now paralyzed from the neck down and can only use her left hand, and she believes that the last dose of the vaccine is the cause of her current situation.
– I’ve never been afraid of vaccination, I wasn’t worried at all – said the 16-year-old girl from Berkshire and added:
I come from a family that vaccination is normally and believes it helps. My mother told me that before I never had a bad reaction to the vaccine. After going for the third dose of the vaccine, which prevents the development of HPV, Ruby had terrible cramps and felt the pain in her stomach.
– I went to the hospital, but the pain only got worse, my heart began to throb uncontrollably, it was terrible.
During the first weeks, Ruby has five times been in the hospital. For the next few months she suffered from nausea and chronic fatigue. She had trouble walking. In March 2016, suddenly become paralyzed.
The doctors said that there is a possibility that the vaccine damaged Ruby’s immune system, despite claims by the leading pharmaceutical companies in the vaccine is completely safe, according to The Mirror.
Pure lunacy – These people will come right to your front door to inject your children!
Non-compliance and knowledge is KEY!
An in-depth series on vaccines is replaying now.>>> tinyurl.com/9Episodes <<<
#RevolutionForChoice #VAXXED #InformedConsent
CDC Vaccine Cover-up Details Exposed by Truth in Media
by PAUL FASSA
It’s been making the rounds on alternative health and vaccination resistance sites. Ben Swann did a recent Truth in Media video report covering the CDC vaccination whistle blower case that won’t go away despite being ignored by the rest of the media.
Truth in Media is a crowd funded internet enterprise in its second year, and episodes from the first year are being sent to Amazon Prime and Hulu Plus.
Also, the production value is high as Ben Swann anchored at the news desk of Fox 19 in Cincinnati, Ohio before he got fed up with mainstream media’s lack of exposing real truth using real investigative journalism in areas considered too controversial.
You have Fox and then there’s PBS, each rooting for one wing or the other of the same vulture that sucks up our lives. Swann asserts his journalism transcends the polarity of left and right politics, saying “it’s more about tyranny vs freedom”. Swann has an impressive track record in mainstream media journalism with several investigative awards on his record.
From Wikipedia: While at WXIX-TV in Cincinnati, Ohio, he produced a fact-checking series entitled Reality Check, which gave him national coverage for his reporting about controversial issues. Swann announced he was leaving WXIX-TV on May 31, 2013, and on May 30, 2013, he said he would launch a crowd source funded “Truth In Media” to continue production of his show through a Chicago production team. In June 2015, he joined CBS46 (WGCL-TV) in Atlanta as evening news anchor.
Review of Ben Swann’s CDC, Vaccine Autism Presentation
Ben uses his journalism training and background to give a thorough presentation surrounding the controversy created by lead CDC scientist turned whistle blower Dr. William Thompson. Dr. Thompson, who had obtained a whistle blower attorney to help him receive whistle blower protection, also handed over documents to Florida Congressman Bill Posey with hopes there would be a congressional investigation.
After Posey’s two different appeals from the House floor to attending Representatives, there has been no further action on the CDC’s actual destruction of incriminating evidence demonstrating MMR vaccinations contribution to autism. The CDC and vaccine industry have their intertwined tentacles wrapped around Congress for sure.
Ben Swann’s coverage gives some background on vaccine autism debate. But here’s the rub. That is a narrow topic compared to the damage vaccines can and do cause. Even the report that whistle blower Thompson had helped scrub and alter excluded searching for every other cerebral or nervous system condition vaccines can cause, such as epilepsy, mental retardation, and lesser conditions such as ADD limiting it only to those diagnosed with autism.
The whole “debate” focuses only on autism, ignoring the wide range of autoimmune diseases such as asthma, allergies, immune defense deficiencies leading to chronic ailments and catching whatever bugs come around. Thus the whole debate and subsequent official studies are slanted toward minimizing all other adverse effects.
Ben Swan does an excellent job of presenting the facts with documents showing time, place, form and event. The report’s whole focus is on this CDC media/government covered scandal, and it gives a good punch in the CDC’s face as a corrupt group that violates any premise of public health protection. You can view it above and also make sure to take a look at the whistleblower documents available for free immediate download below. Download copies for yourself before they’re taken down for good.
La loi 2002-303 de mars 2002, dite loi KOUCHNER, permet à chaque citoyen d’accepter ou de refuser, pour lui ou ses enfants, l’acte vaccinal.
Rappel de la loi du 4 mars 2002 N° 2002-303, Chapitre 1er, modifiant l’article L 1111-4 du chapitre 1er de la Première partie du Code de la Santé Publique (CSP)
« Aucun acte médical, ni aucun traitement, ne peut être appliqué sans le consentement libre et éclairé de la personne et ce consentement peut être retiré à tout moment ».
Le code civil
Law 2002-303 of March 2002, known as the KOUCHNER law, allows each citizen to accept or refuse the vaccination act for himself or his children.
Recalling the Law of 4 March 2002 No. 2002-303, Chapter 1, amending Article L 1111-4 of Chapter 1 of the First Part of the Public Health Code (CSP)
“No medical procedure or treatment may be applied without the free and informed consent of the person and such consent may be withdrawn at any time”.
The Civil Code
Q-CAST: February 20, 2017. Steve discusses the Mars Earth connection. Steve quotes both Ignatius L. Donnelly, author of “Atlantis: The Antediluvian World and the legendary works of the late author David Flynn, a renown genius and arguably the most expert researcher of our time concerning the mysteries of Mars and the Mars Earth connection phenomenon. Was there life on Mars? Is there life on Mars? Are there secret bases on Mars?
Aliens & Fallen Angels
TRUE LEGENDS THE DOCUMENTARY FILM SERIES
“Strange Signal” –Picked Up By NASA’s Cassini Spacecraft at South Pole of Saturn’s Enceladus Revealed Hidden Global Ocean (WATCH Today’s “Galaxy” Stream)
February 19, 2017
The odd signal Cassini detected didn’t reveal a frozen, airless body. Instead, it looked something like a comet that was actively emitting gas. The magnetometer detected that Saturn’s magnetic field, which envelops Enceladus, was perturbed above the moon’s south pole in a way that didn’t make sense for an inactive world. Could it be that the moon was actively replenishing gases it was breathing into space?
On Feb. 17, 2005, the Cassini Mission spacecraft’s magnetometer instrument noticed something odd making the first-ever close pass over Saturn’s moon Enceladus. Since NASA’s two Voyager spacecraft made their distant flybys of Saturn’s moon Enceladus about 20 years prior, JPL scientists in 2005 had anticipated the little moon would be an interesting place to visit with the Cassini Mission. Enceladus is bright white—the most reflective object in the solar system, in fact—and it orbits in the middle of a faint ring of dust-sized ice particles known as Saturn’s E ring. Scientists speculated ice dust was being kicked off its surface somehow. But they presumed it would be, essentially, a dead, airless ball of ice.
A REGION ON MARS WITH RECENT WATER IS ABOUT TO GET MAJOR ATTENTION
Article Updated: 18 Feb , 2017 by Bob King
Researcher Dr. Mary Bourke from Trinity College Dublin have discovered a patch of land in an ancient valley in Mars’ Lucaya Crater that appears to have held water in the not-too-distant past, making it a prime target to search for past life forms on the Red Planet. Signs of water past and present pop up everywhere on Mars from now-dry, wriggly riverbeds snaking across arid plains to water ice exposed at the poles during the Martian summer.
Study – Valley floor aeolianite in an equatorial pit crater on Mars
M. C. Bourke,
H. A. Viles
First published: 20 December 2016
High and low albedo lineations in a valley entering a pit in Lucaya crater are overlain by a currently immobile dune field. We propose that they are an aeolianite that formed as the overlying dunes migrated. Implicit in this is the suggestion that available water promoted early cementation of evaporitic minerals. We propose that the deposit likely resulted from a combination of locally sourced carbonate minerals and transient groundwater, both of which were made available after the formation of the pit crater. We do not exclude other aerial or subsurface sources of soluble minerals. We report on a pilot regional reconnaissance of images that finds the alternating albedo of dune sediments in Lucaya crater is found elsewhere on Mars. This suggests a regional sediment source at the time of dune activity. We examine a coastal interdune site in Namibia as an analogue for early geochemical cementation and interdune microtopography similar to the features observed on Mars. We find that the curvilinear interdune strata at the field site in Namibia are the preserved lee slope facies deposited by the dune as it migrated. Early cementation occurs in the interdune vadose zone due to precipitation of salts from groundwater. The formation of aeolianite in Lucaya crater supports suggestions by others that moisture is available for a significant period following crater formation. Moreover, it suggests that groundwater flow is sustained near the surface as well as in the deeper subsurface.
Is Phobos an artificial structure?
Soviet Air Force Colonel Marina Popovich has gone on record stating that Phobos, one of the two Martian moons, is an artificial structure.
She gave this information to CSETI’s International Director, Dr. Steven Greer. Her sources also advised that it is hollow. The credentials of Marina Popovich are second to none.
A Ph.D. from the University of Leningrad, and graduate of the Military Flight school. At the peak of her career she set over 100 aviation records, of which 90 still stand unbroken. Her contacts on the subject stem from her former husband being the first man to rendezvous with another spacecraft in orbit, during the Vostok 4 flight, in August 1962.
Phobos has itself always been considered a rather mysterious object, as has its smaller twin, Deimos. Joseph Shklovskii, a member of the Soviet Academy of science, calculated from the estimated density of the Martian atmosphere, and the “acceleration” of Phobos, that the moon must be hollow. Evidence for this arose in July 1988, when the Russians launched two unmanned planetary probes (Phobos 1 and Phobos 2).
Phobos 1 was lost en route two months later, reportedly because of a radio command error. Phobos 2 was also lost under the most intriguing circumstances, but not before it had beamed back certain images, and information from the planet Mars itself. Phobos 2 arrived safely at Mars in January 1989.
It entered into orbit around Mars as the first step towards its ultimate goal: to transfer to an orbit that would make it fly almost in tandem with the Martian moonlet called Phobos, and explore the moon with equipment that included two packages of instruments to be placed on the surface of the moon Phobos.
The mission was successful until Phobos 2 aligned itself with the Martian Moon. Then, on the 28th March, the Soviet mission control center acknowledged sudden communication “problems” with the spacecraft. Tass, the official Soviet news agency, reported that “Phobos 2 had failed to communicate with Earth, as scheduled, after completing an operation yesterday around the Martin moon Phobos.
Scientists at mission control have been unable to establish radio contact.” The probe revealed anomalies on the surface of Mars (heat radiation leakage, in a perfect geometrical shape running parallel one to one another directly along the equator, and the Face on Mars).
Another anomaly was also found one of the last transmissions from Phobos 2. It was a photograph of a gigantic cylindrical object – a huge, approximately 20km long, 1.5km diameter cigar-shaped ’mother ship’, that was photographed on the 25th March 1989. hanging or packed next to the Martian moon Phobos by the Soviet unmanned probe Phobos.
After that last frame was radio-transmitted back to Earth, the probe mysteriously disappeared; according to the Russians it was destroyed – possibly knocked out with an energy pulse beam.
So what was it that collided or crashed into Phobos 2?
Was the space probe shot out of space for “seeing too much”?
What does the last secret frame show?
Popovich was associated with the controversial frames being ’smuggled’ out of top secret files, and although they have not been publicly released, it is believed however, that the frames have been shown to US and British officials.
The cigar shaped craft in the penultimate frame taken by Phobos 2, is apparently the object casting the oblong shadow on the surface of Mars in an earlier photo.
In October 1989, Soviet scientists published a series of technical reports on the experiments Phobos 2 did manage to conduct. The report confirms that the spacecraft was spinning, either because of a computer malfunction, or because Phobos 2 was “impacted” by an unknown object shortly before contact was lost.
This article was taken from the September 2013 issue of Wired magazine. Be the first to read Wired’s articles in print before they’re posted online, and get your hands on loads of additional content by subscribing online.
Kim Binsted has already been to Mars — or a version of it. In 2007, the University of Hawaii artificial-intelligence professor flew to the Canadian High Arctic to live with six other researchers for four months in a Mars-analogue environment. Part of a study run by the Mars Society, it tested the extreme psychological factors that come into play on long-duration space missions: sleep changes, isolation, stress, fragile group-dynamics and more. Now, Binsted is overseeing her own Nasa-funded Mars simulation in Hawaii, in which a team will go on four “missions” over the next three years. Here’s how she checks for the right stuff, while staying here on Earth.
Isolate yourself from all other humans Binsted’s Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation, dubbed HI-SEAS, is situated 2,600 metres up on the jagged, red slopes of the Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii. The lava desert is completely isolated — with little plant life and no ocean visible in the distance — recreating the experience of staring out on to a vast expanse of red rubble on the surface of Mars. The only real human contact the “astronauts” have is with each other. Internet correspondence with “mission support” is delayed by the Mars-Earth 18-minute difference.
Get used to breathing recycled air Constantly confined astronauts on Mars quickly forget the feeling of fresh air. So when leaving their roughly 92-square-metre geodesic dome habitat to conduct geological fieldwork on-site — part of their job to scientifically characterise the area — the HI-SEAS crew strap into hazmat suits redesigned to have the look and (encumbering) feel of space suits. To do this, Binsted found Jessica Cruzan, a designer with the Hawaii Maker Group. Cruzan made the suits inflatable — giving the bulk of a real spacesuit without adding excess weight.
Spice up your space food with extra ingredients Eating the same meals for months on end causes a space-flight phenomenon called “menu fatigue” — astronauts lose interest in food, either because gravity changes their sense of taste, or as a side effect of boredom. Some return to Earth malnourished. On their first mission, HI-SEAS compared two broad kinds of foods: pre-prepared Nasa fare, and a variety of shelf-stable, freeze-dried ingredients. “If you send up lasagne, it will always be lasagne,” Binsted says. Sending ingredients allows the crew to prepare what they’d like to eat.
Experiment with gravity changes To complement the food tests conducted on HI-SEAS’s first mission, a separate Nasa centre in Galveston, Texas, measured the effects of gravity on the perception of smell and taste by having participants lie in bed with their feet slightly raised — for 70 days. Such “bedrest” facilities simulate the physiological effects that changes in gravity impart on the human body, such as muscle wastage. Ultimately, though, Binsted says, “You can’t make the perfect analogue; the only perfect analogue is Mars itself.”